How to Paint the Interior of a House
After you’ve bought your materials, prepare by removing all the furniture from the room. Next you can wash the walls and fill in any holes with spackle. Make sure to lay drop cloths or old sheets on the ground to protect the floor from paint. When you’re ready to paint, start with a layer of primer to cover all the walls. Once that has dried, you can paint with color. Use small brushes to paint edges and large rollers to cover the rest.For tips on choosing the perfect colors for your home, read on!
Develop a vision.As you tour the house, write down your thoughts on color, keeping sunlight, windows, gloss and trim in mind.
- Light colors work anywhere, but dark colors require rooms with lots of windows and natural light. Painting a basement den a deep blue might sound relaxing but can turn the room into a dungeon!
- If you're preparing a house for sale, stay with neutral colors that could match any decoration or furniture.
- If you're e-savvy, take digital photographs of the rooms in question and adjust the colors with your favorite photo editing program. This will ensure you and everyone involved knowexactlywhat the room will look like.
- If you're transforming your home for yourself,live a little.Go nuts. Like a color? Be bold. If you don't like it, guess what? You can paint it again. Feeling artistic? Plan a mural. It'syourplace. The only person who has to like it is you (and the people who live with you!).
- Complementary colors work well when adjacent rooms open to each other (try two shades of the same color for a neat effect). You can go for bold contrast when crossing a barrier (like a door).
- Carefully consider the gloss level. The shiny gloss paints are easy to clean, but will make any wall blemish stand out. The flat paints will help disguise wall blemishes, but can be difficult to clean. Generally, you'll want glossier paints where there's lots of steam or cooking (baths and kitchens) and in high-traffic areas. Flatter paints are preferred for large walls and ceilings.
- Consult a professional home decorator to guide you.
Come to an agreement.There are probably others in your life who have a vested interest in your home. Get their consensus.
Make averyeducated guess.Estimate the area you'll need to cover. Measure the height and width of each wall. In the U.S., coverage estimates are given in square feet, everywhere else on the planet uses the metric system. To find the area of a given wall, simply multiply the height by the width.
- Keep a detailed list you and others can make sense of like "Living. Rm. west wall 112 sq. ft."
- Don't forget to subtract for windows and doors.
- As you estimate, err on the high side (roundup). It's better to have too much paint than to
- Determine the coverage area for each color and estimate the number of gallons you'll need for each. For odd walls with angled ceilings, make your best guess. If you're not comfortable doing this, measure the wall at its highest height and multiply that by its width. Now subtract the lowest height from the highest height, multiply that number by the width, cut that answer in half, and finally subtract that new number from the original height by width. That should give you the wall area.
Basic wall: F = B x H
Wall with windows: F = B x H - (winB x winH)
Wall with multiple windows: F = B x H - [(winB x winH) + (winB x winH)...]
Wall with angled ceiling:
highH x B = a
(highH - lowH) x B = n
F = a - n/2
Wall with angled ceiling and a window: (a - n/2) - (winB x winH)
Plan the budget.Costs will vary greatly, depending on price and quality. Choosing mid to upper-grade paint, expect to pay in the area of 0.00 in paint alone for a 2000 sq. ft. house. Add another 0 to 0 in brushes, rollers, pans, tape, and other materials. Don't forget food, if you plan to feed your workforce. When it comes to materials, not all paints are equal. Some truly cover with one coat, some say they do but don't. Your costs will double if you have to apply two coats to everything, so buying the cheaper paint might cost more in the long run. Trust your paint professional salesman (to a certain degree) to tell you which paint to buy. You can generally go cheap on primer, expensive on top coats.
Plan the schedule.Get a grip on the time it will take to bring the project to fruition. Plan for time to move furniture, wall prep, cut in, the painting itself,eatingand breaks, and don't forget cleanup and bringing furniture back in. As you plan, err on the side of prudence. Unforeseen events will slow you down, so allow time for these. Remember, this is amulti-dayproject. Don't try to fit too much into a day. If you move faster than planned, great!
Plan the workforce.If you intend tonothire a professional crew, you'll needlotsof help. There aremanyjobs to be done. First there's the furniture moving, then wall preparation, floor covering, materials gathering and prep, cleaning, and don't forget everyone will have to eat. It can easily take a team of five people a full ten days to paint a two-story (approx 2000 sq.ft.) home. Get as many people to help as you can. If some can only come one or two days, great. Maybe others can fill in. Ensure youplanwith your workforce members in mind. They'll need plenty of time to arrange days away from work. Identify a few key personnel:
- The Cutters. Someone with meticulous attention to detail and a steady hand should be assigned the job of "cutting in," or painting a straight edge where needed, such as along a wall where the ceiling does not get painted. Many products are available to assist, but none work as well as a person who's good at doing it freehand. Ensure this person is skilled (ask them to show you). A poor, jagged, wavy or splotched cutting-in job will jump out at youeverytime you walk by it. Why more than one cutter? This job is nerve-wracking and painful to hands and arms after a few days. You'll want to give this person a break after a few walls.
- The Trimmers. Designate some folks to do the trim enamel on baseboards, windows and door frames. These also require careful attention.
- The Coordinator. This person will care for the needs of the rest of the workforce, fetch drinks, make sandwiches, make runs to the store for last-minute needs, cook (or arrange) lunch and dinner, make phone calls, get directions, wash brushes, etc. Don't underestimate the need for this key person! When not gainfully employed, he or she can do some rolling.
- The Rollers.You should actually only need a few of these, as they can cover a large area fairly quickly.
- The Caulkers. Caulking and hole patching (spackling) is animportantjob that must be donebeforeyou begin painting (with adequate time to dry and sand).
Lose the furniture.Seriously,empty the room.Simply moving everything to the middle of the room isnotgood enough. Rent a storage space and spend a day filling it up. Keep the tables and things you can put paint cans on, but everything else hasgotto go.
Prep the house.Wash the walls, remove wallpaper, patch, spackle, seal stains, dry and sandbeforeyou attempt to paint. Now is also the time to apply painters tape for trimming, lay drop cloths, etc. You can also buy your paint at this time. Don't wait until the last minute. It can take hours to mix many gallons of all your colors. Remember that traffic triples at your home-supply and hardware stores on weekends. Buy on a weekday if possible.
Open the windows.Ventilation will help things dry faster and keep the air fresh for your workforce. If dust or other airborne particles are prevalent, find another ventilation system.
Prime.Dark colors, stains (once sealed), and previously unpainted surfaces (drywall, spackle, etc.) will need a primer coat, usually white. NOTE: most paint stores & home improvement centers will now tint primer (at no charge) to match fairly close to the color of the finished coat, that way two coats of primer need not be applied. Although not all surfacesneeda prime coat, skip this step at your peril! Dark colors will likely show through the first -- or eventhe first couple-- topcoats of paint. Sealants and unpainted surfaces like spackle patches will absorb or repel moisture in a topcoat at a different level than the areas surrounding them. Applying a good primer coat will help even out these differences. Primer equalizes a wall to a uniform surface. It's like erasing a canvas before drawing a new picture. Although some will argue the point, you generally don't need to spend a great deal on primer or buy special primer. A cheap, 5 gallon (18.9 L) bucket of plain, flat white paint will usually do the trick and cover a large area. Give your primer at least 24 hours to dry (follow its instructions) before applying a topcoat.
- Priming is compulsory if you're painting over a darker color, or on a new drywall, but it's a good idea to include this step before any paint job. A primer is necessary because it blocks any stains from bleeding through. It is also important because it prevents any blisters and paint-peeling by improving paint adhesion. Lastly, primer is a good idea as it allows complete single-coat coverage of the walls. If you want a better appearance, you can tint your primer with the final color you intend on using on the walls. Most paints today come with inbuilt primers, but an old school primer is still a better option. Before you start painting, remember to use painter's tape to cover your door frames, window sills, and any switches on the wall.
Get started!Start with the largest or most difficult room first. Putting it off until last will make you dread getting to it. See How to Paint a Room for instructions on how to specifically paint walls and rooms. Consult the Related wikiHows below for additional help.
- Using a two-inch angled brush, start by painting your corners and around the trim. You should paint a border of at least 2 or 3 inches (5.1 or 7.6 cm) from the corners, doors, and moldings. Since a paint roller won't be able to get the paint into the edges, the angled brush ensures that the paint is spread evenly on your walls.
- Use a roller to paint the rest of the wall. A good method to use is the 'W method'. You start by painting a large 3 foot (0.91 m) square W on the wall. Then, without lifting the roller, you fill in the W. You can paint a wall section-by-section, and do the walls one at a time for best results. It's generally a good idea to use an extension pole for your roller instead of standing on a ladder. Make sure that neither the extension pole nor the roller has plastic handles, as plastic handles are flexible and this makes it difficult to control the painting.
- While the paint is still wet, remove any painter's tape from the wall and trim. Removing it while it's dry can pull the paint off the wall, and make your effort useless.
Tackle floorsafterwalls.If you plan on changing the floors, do themafterthe walls. Youwillmake a mess when painting an entire house. You don't want paint on your new carpet.
Reward your workforce.Especially if they're avolunteerworkforce. Your call here, but err on the side of generosity.
QuestionIn painting which is best, inside to outside, or outside to inside?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerIt's up to you. Outside is much harder because it requires more prep, patience, time, help, money and of course, effort. I have been painting my own houses and rental properties interiors for 20 years, and I painted the exterior of one, once. I then had it promptly done again by professionals who said it would have been cheaper if they didn't have to undo my work first. My advice is to get pros for the outside because everyone will see it.Thanks!
QuestionCan I use fabric paint for wall art?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerYes. Fabric Paint will work just fine on walls.Thanks!
Painting inside, what do I do first; the wall, then the trim, or the trim then the wall?
Can I stick putty primer on interior wall without plastering exterior wall.?
How do I paint a cornice?
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- Masking tape DOES NOT! replace proper "cutting-in". Excess paint build-up along masking tape, especially on horizontal surfaces will cause bleeding and a very undesirable finish. Masking can be used to catch mistakes but don't rely on it to give you a nice clean line every time.
- Plastic bags with zipper tops can keep a brush or roller from getting dry, while you take a break for lunch. Or place your roller and brush in a zipper top bag in the refrigerator. It will stay wet indefinitely as long as you leave it in there.
- Keep plenty of rags and clean water about for minor or major mishaps.
- Don't kill yourself on the first couple days. Plan accordingly and maintain a steady pace to keep from getting burnt out. Painting a room is a race, painting a house is a marathon.
- When painting a carpeted room, keep in mind that paint will soak through drop cloths. This is especially true of the cheaper, lightweight cloths. It helps to tape masking paper to all of the base boards before laying the drop cloths. Tuck the edges of the cloth under the paper--this will help keep it clean. You might want to invest in a hand-held masking machine--they make the job go much faster. Even after taking these precautions make sure to clean big drops or spills before they soak through and before you step on them!
- Decorating a house is a fun but important activity. It is important to make sure the curtains match the walls and the walls match the furniture. Earlier, all interior walls were painted in the same color, and in the same way. Today however, we get to have more fun with colors and textures. It's possible to create a fun effect on your walls using a sponge or even crushed tissue. You may want to paint one wall a different color from the rest of the room. You get to decide what colors you want to use, and how you want them to look on your wall. If you really want to decorate your entire home by yourself, you can even try painting your house by yourself with these 5 easy steps.
- Youwillmake a mess or two. Don't dread it, plan for it accordingly.
- Painting a room can be a fun experience, but it is important to take proper precautions before you start. Don't leave your floor or any furniture in the room uncovered. If any paint splatters on it, it could be quite disastrous.
Things You'll Need
Brushes (various sizes, several cut-in brushes)
Something to pop door hinges
Small buckets for water
Simple Green for cleaning surfaces
Sponges for cutting in
Rubber pouring lid/flap/spout -- yes, it's worth it
Roller extension pole
Hammer for setting nail pops in drywall
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